MOLD TRAINING

SOUTHEASTERN MOLD INSTITUTE INC
MOLD TRAINING and LEARNING for MOLD TESTING and MOLD REMEDIATION

 

WHAT IS MOLD TRAINING?

ANSWER: MOLD TRAINING IS USEING THE PROPER MOLD INSPECTION AND MOLD REMEDIATION PROTOCALS AND EQUIPTMENT TO SAFELY COLLECT SAMPLES FOR LABROTORY ANNALYSIS AND ASSIST YOUR CLIENT IN THE PROPER MOLD INSPECTION STEPS AND PROPER MOLD REMEDIATION PROTOCALS TO DEVELOPE AN EFFECTIVE MOLD REMEDIATION PLAN TO MAKE THE SICK HOME OR SICK BUILDING ENVIROMENTALLY SAFE.

 

WHERE CAN I RECEIVE MOLD TRAINING?

YOU CAN ATTEND THE SOUTHEASTERN MOLD INSTITUTE INC. FOR A MOLD TRAINING AND MOLD REMEDIATION CLASS.

 

WHAT DO I LEARN IN A MOLD TRAINING CLASS?

Mold Inspection & Mold Remediation
The Mold Inspection & Mold Remediation curriculum consists of the following required classes and hours:

(Outline)

A Brief History of Mold in Our Environment

(This module gives an explanation of what and why mold is in our environment.)

1hr

How Does Mold Contamination Affect Our Health

(This module gives an explanation of how mold in our environment can affect our health. How and why high levels of mold spores affect our air quality.)

1hr

Equipment Used in Mold Inspection & Remediation

(This module gives an understanding of what equipment is required and preferred in the mold inspection and remediation profession.)

1hr

Mold Inspection Technique and Protocols, Looking For Mold
in Any Structure

(This module gives an in depth study on how to find mold in structures, where to look and what to expect.)

2hr

Collection of Mold Samples Procedures and Protocols

(This module will explain the proper procedures on how and where to collect your samples of mold in a home or business environment.)

1hr

Lab Reports, Documents, Chain of Evidence

(This module will explain how to read lab reports, documents used in the industry, and how to report on the evidence you found in the structure.)

1hr

Case Studies of Mold Contamination in Structures Q&A

(This module will cover cases of mold contamination from start to finish. How, Why, What If ect…)

1hr

Mold Remediation Protocols

(This module will explain the proper protocols that you need to follow to safely remediate a structure.)

3hr

Mold Remediation Using Chemical Solutions

(This module will explain the different types of solutions used in the industry and the effects it may have on your health)

3hr

Furniture, Carpet and Clothing

(This module will cover how to test these materials useing EPA guidelines.)

1hr

Customer Relations

(This module will cover how to communicate with your client’s questions and fears of their home or business being contaminated by mold.)

1hr

Dealing with Attorneys on Mold Cases

(This module will cover some of the requirements attorneys will look for such as evidence, reports, and being an expert witness or consultant.)

1hr

Fees, Paper work, and Your Clients Q&A

(This Module will cover the fees you should charge and what factors to take into consideration when setting your fees. We will also cover the paperwork needed to be completed at the end of each inspection or remediation.)

1hr

 

WHERE DO I SIGN UP FOR A MOLD TRAINIG COURSE?

THE FIRST STEP IS TO VISIT US AT HTTP://WWW.MOLDCLASS.COM/
THEN FILL OUT THE APPLICATION OR CALL US TO FIND OUT WHEN THE NEXT MOLD TRAINING CLASS WILL BE HELD.

 

MOLD TRAINING for Absidia sp.
A zygomycete fungus. Reported to be allergenic. May cause mucorosis in immune compromised individuals. The sites of infection are the lung, nasal sinus, brain, eye and skin. Infection may have multiple sites.

MOLD TRAINING for Acremonium sp. (Cephalosporium sp.)
Reported to be allergenic. Can produce a trichothecene toxin that is toxic if ingested. It was the primary fungus identified in at least two houses where the occupant complaints were nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Asexual state of Emericellopsis sp., Chaetomium sp., and Nectripsis sp. It can produce mycetomas, infections of the cornea and nails.

MOLD TRAINING for Alternaria sp.
Aw - 0.89. Conidia dimensions: 18-83 x 7-18 microns. A very common allergen with an IgE mediated response. It is often found in carpets, textiles and on horizontal surfaces in building interiors. Often found on window frames. Outdoors it may be isolated from samples of soil, seeds and plants. It is commonly found in outdoor samples. The large spore size, 20 - 200 microns in length and 7 - 18 microns in sizes, suggests that the spores from these fungi will be deposited in the nose, mouth and upper respiratory tract. It may be related to bakers' asthma. It has been associated with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The species Alternaria alternata is capable of producing tenuazonic acid and other toxic metabolites that may be associated with disease in humans or animals. Common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include edema and bronchiospasms; chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema.

MOLD TRAINING for Amerospore
A spherical or oval single-celled fungal spore that is practically unidentifiable by itself. Genera with this type of spore include, but are not limited to, Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Trichoderma.
For example, Penicillium is easily identifiable when sampling using culturing techniques. However, when sampling with non-culturing techniques, such as spore traps or tape-lifts, the free spores with no remnants of the fungal structure are indistinguishable from Aspergillus and various other genera that also produce small round and oval spores with little or no pigmentation. Due to this fact, Penicillium will often be categorized on laboratory reports in an "amerospore" and/or "Aspergillus/Penicillium" group.

MOLD TRAINING for Arthrinium sp.
Widespread saprophyte found on decomposing plant material, particularly grasses, and on soil. It is a white, fuzzy mold. It should be considered to be an allergen. This fungus has also been documented in various subcutaneous infections. No diseases related to toxic effects have been recorded to date.

MOLD TRAINING for Ascospore
A spore borne in a special cell called an ascus. Spores of this type are reported to be allergenic.
All ascomycetes, members of a group of fungi called Ascomycotina, have this type of spore. The minute black dots on rotting wood and leaves or the little cups on lichens are examples of ascomycetes; another is the "truffle" mushroom.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus caesiellus
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus candidus
Aw 0.75. Conidia dimensions: 2.5-4 microns. Found in warm soils, grain and in the secondary decay of vegetation. Associated with respiratory complaints in a recent house investigation. Can produce the toxin petulin that may be associated with disease in humans and other animals.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus carneus
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus clavatus
Conidia dimensions: 3-4.5 x 2.5-4.5 microns. Found in soils and animal manure.
Can produce the toxin petulin that may be associated with disease in humans and other animals. This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus deflectus
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus flavus
Aw 0.78. Conidia dimensions: 3-6 microns or 3-5 microns. It grows on moldy corn and peanuts. It can be found in warm soil, foods and dairy products. Some strains are capable of producing a group of mycotoxins- in the aflatoxin group. Aflatoxins are known animal carcinogens. There is limited evidence to suggest that this toxin is a human carcinogen. The toxin is poisonous to humans by ingestion. It may also result in occupational disease via inhalation. Experiments have indicated that it is teratogenic and mutagenic. It is toxic to the liver. It is reported to be allergenic. Its presence is associated with reports of asthma. It can be found in water-damaged carpets. The production of the fungal toxin is dependent on the growth conditions and on the substrate used as a food source. This fungus is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs and/or disseminated aspergillosis. This fungus is occasionally identified as the cause of corneal, otomycotic and nasoorbital infections.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus fumigatus
Aw 0.82; Optimum> 0.97. Conidia dimensions: 2-3.5 microns. Major cause of aspergillosis. This organism causes both invasive and allergic aspergillosis. Aspergillosis affects individuals who are immune compromised. It is considered a human pathogen. It grows well at 35 degrees C. It is commonly found outdoors in compost piles with temperatures higher than 40 degrees C, in mild to warm soils and on cereals.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus glaucus
Conidia dimensions: 5-6.5 microns. Common outdoor fungus in the winter. It is reported to be allergenic. This species is only occasionally pathogenic. It can grow on leather. This fungus can grow at low moisture levels on grains, sugary food products, meat and wool. The ascomycetous state is Eurotium sp.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus nidulans
Aw 0.78. Conidia dimensions: 2-4 microns. Found in mild to warm soils and on slowly decaying plants. Can produce the mycotoxin sterigmatocystin. This toxin has been shown to produce liver and kidney damage in lab animals. This fungus is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs and/or disseminated aspergillosis. This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus niger
Aw 0.77; Optimum> 0.97. Conidia dimensions: 3.5 - 5 microns or 4 to 5 microns. Less common cause of aspergillosis. It has a musty odor. It is commonly found in the environment on textiles, in soils, grains, fruits and vegetables. It has been reported to cause skin and pulmonary infections. It is a common cause of fungal related ear infections-otomycosis.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus ochraceus
Aw 0.77. Conidia dimensions: 2.5 - 3 microns. Found in grains, soil and salted food products. It is not usually associated with decaying vegetation. Can produce a kidney toxin ochratoxin A that may produce ochratoxicosis in humans. This is also known as Balkan nephropathy. The toxin is produced at optimum growth conditions at 25 degrees C and high moisture conditions. The ochratoxin may also be produced by other Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp. Other toxins that can be produced by this fungus include penicillic acid, xanthomegnin and viomellein. These are all reported to be kidney and liver toxins.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus oryzae
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus parasiticus
Some strains are capable of producing a group of mycotoxins- in the aflatoxin group. Aflatoxins are known animal carcinogens. There is limited evidence to suggest that this toxin is a human carcinogen. The toxin is a poisonous to humans by ingestion. Experiments have indicated that it is teratogenic and mutagenic. It is toxic to the liver. The production of the fungal toxin is dependent on the growth conditions and on the substrate used as a food source.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus/Penicillium
These are two of the most commonly found allergenic fungi in problem buildings.
Aspergillus comes in many varieties (species). Many of the varieties produce toxic substances. It may be associated with symptoms such as sinusitis, allergic bronchiopulmonary aspergillosis, and other allergic symptoms.
Penicillium is a variety of mold that is very common indoors and is found in increased numbers in problem buildings. It also has many varieties, some of which produce toxic substances. The symptoms are allergic reactions, mucous membrane irritation, headaches, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Because the spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium are very similar, they are not differentiated by microscopic analysis and are reported together.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus penicilloides
Conidia dimensions: 3-3.5 x 4-5 microns. Can grow in areas with low water activity. It is found in house dust and food.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus restrictus
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus sp.
Aw 0.75 - 0.82. Reported to be allergenic. Members of this genus are reported to cause ear infections. Many species produce mycotoxins that may be associated with disease in humans and other animals. Toxin production is dependent on the species or a strain within a species and on the food source for the fungus. Some of these toxins have been found to be carcinogenic in animal species. Several toxins are considered potential human carcinogens. Common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include edema and bronchiospasms; chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema; may also be associated with sinusitis, allergic bronchiopulmonary aspergillosis, and other allergic symptoms.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus sydowi
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus terreus
Aw 0.78. Conidia dimensions: 1.8-2.4 microns or 2 - 2.5 microns. Aleurospores 6 - 7 microns in diameter are also produced. Found in warmer soil and in grains, straw, cotton and decomposing vegetation. Can produce the toxin patulin and citrinin that may be associated with disease in humans and other animals. This fungus is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs and or disseminated aspergillosis. Found as an isolate from otomycosis - ear infection, and onychomycosis - infection of finger or toenails.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus ustus
This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aspergillus versicolor
Aw 0.78. Conidia dimensions: 2-3.5 microns. It is commonly found in soil, hay, cotton and dairy products. It can produce a mycotoxin sterigmatocystin and cyclopiaxonic acid. These toxins can cause diarrhea and upset stomach. It is reported to be a kidney and liver carcinogen. This species is only occasionally pathogenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Aureobasidium sp.
Found in soil, forest soils, fresh water, aerial portion of plants, fruit, marine estuary sediments, wood. Allergen, Type I allergies (hay fever, asthma). Type III hypersensitivity pneumonitis: "humidifier fever", "sauna taker's lung". Growth indoors is widespread where moisture accumulates- especially bathrooms and kitchens- on shower curtains, tile grout, windowsills, textiles, liquid waste materials. Potential toxic production is not known. Rare reports of: isolates from skin lesions, keratitis, spleen abscess in a lymphoma patient, blood isolate from a leukemic patient.

MOLD TRAINING for Basidiomycetes
Members of a group of fungi called Basidiomycotina, which includes mushrooms and puffballs. They produce spores that are formed on the outside of a special cell called the basidium.

MOLD TRAINING for Basidiospore
Spore from basidiomycetes. Many varieties are reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Bipolaris sp.
A fungus with large spores that could be expected to be deposited in the upper respiratory tract. This fungus can produce the mycotoxin - sterigmatocystin, which has been shown to produce liver and kidney damage when ingested by laboratory animals.

MOLD TRAINING for Blastomyces sp.
Human pathogen. The fungus is commonly found in soil. It is a dimorphic fungus that has filamentous fungus when grown at 25 degrees C. and a yeast form at 37 degrees C.

MOLD TRAINING for Botrytis sp.
Aw 0.93. Conidia dimensions: 7-14 x 5-9 microns. It is parasitic on plants and soft fruits. Found in soil and on house plants and vegetables, it is also known as "gray mold". It causes leaf rot on grapes, strawberries, lettuce, etc. It is a well-known allergen, producing asthma type symptoms in greenhouse workers and "wine grower's lung".

MOLD TRAINING for Candida sp.
Part of the normal flora of mouth and other mucous membranes in the body. Thrush and other diseases caused by Candida albicans usually occur after prolonged treatment with antibiotics or steroids. The environment is not a likely source of exposure for this fungus. Cells from the organism are usually not airborne. Reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Cephalosporium sp.
See Acremonium sp.

MOLD TRAINING for Chaetomium sp.
Large ascomycetous fungus producing perithecia. It is found on a variety of substrates containing cellulose, including paper and plant compost. It has been found on paper in sheetrock. It can produce an Acremonium-like state on fungal media. Varieties are considered allergenic and have been associated with peritonitis, cutaneous lesions, and system mycosis.

MOLD TRAINING for Cladosporium fulvum (Fulvia fulva)
Conidia dimensions: 12-47 x 4-10 microns. It is found on the leaves of tomatoes.

MOLD TRAINING for Cladosporium herbarum
Aw 0.88. Conidia dimensions: 5-23 x 3-8 microns. It is found on dead plants, woody plants, food, straw, soil, paint and textiles.

MOLD TRAINING for Cladosporium macrocarpum
Conidia dimensions: 9-29 x 5-13 microns. It is found on dead plants, woody plants, food, straw, soil, paint, and textiles.

MOLD TRAINING for Cladosporium sp. (Hormodendrum sp.)

MOLD TRAINING for Aw 0.88; Aw 0.84. Most commonly identified outdoor fungus. The outdoor numbers are reduced in the winter. The numbers are often high in the summer. Often found indoors in numbers less than outdoor numbers. It is a common allergen. Indoor Cladosporium sp. may be different than the species identified outdoors. It is commonly found on the surface of fiberglass duct liners in the interior of supply ducts. A wide variety of plants are food sources for this fungus. It is found on dead plants, woody plants, food, straw, soil, paint, and textiles. Produces greater than 10 antigens. Antigens in commercial extracts are of variable quality and may degrade within weeks of preparation. Common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include skin lesions, eye ulceration, mycosis (including onychomycosis, an infection of the nails of the feet or hands) edema and bronchiospasms; chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema.

MOLD TRAINING for Cladosporium sphaerospermum
Conidia dimensions: 3-4.5 microns. It is found as a secondary invader of plants, food, soil, paint and textiles.

MOLD TRAINING for Conidium
A thin-walled, asexual spore that is borne exogenously on a conidiophore and is deciduous at maturity. (plural form: conidia.)

MOLD TRAINING for Conidia, unidentified
These are mold spores that do not show morphological characteristics that allow identification. Because there are tens of thousands of types of fungi, many fall into the "other" or "unknown" category. If they are present in significant numbers, additional measures can be taken to identify them. When spore counts are listed in the category: "Unidentified Conidia" their numbers are considered "normal".

MOLD TRAINING for Conidobolus sp.
Can cause a chronic inflammatory disease of the nasal mucosa (entomophthoromycosis).

MOLD TRAINING for Cryptococcus neoformans
A basidiomycetous encapsulated fungal organism found worldwide, mainly around pigeon roosts and soil contaminated with decaying pigeon or chicken droppings. It is generally accepted that the organism enters the host by the respiratory route in the form of a dehydrated haploid yeast or as basidiospores. Hematogenously spreading to extrapulmonary tissues, its predilection for the brain means infected persons usually contract meningoencephalitis, which can be fatal.

MOLD TRAINING for Cryptostroma corticale
Conidia dimensions: 4-6.5 x 3.5-4 microns. Found on the bark of maple and sycamore trees and on stored logs.

MOLD TRAINING for Cunninghanella sp.
Can cause disseminated and pulmonary infections in immune compromised hosts.

MOLD TRAINING for Curvularia sp.
Reported to be allergenic and has been associated with allergic fungal sinusitis. It may cause corneal infections, mycetoma, and infections in immune compromised hosts.

MOLD TRAINING for Dreschlera sp.
Conidia dimensions: 40-120 x 17-28 microns. Found on grasses, grains and decaying food. It can occasionally cause a corneal infection of the eye.

MOLD TRAINING for Epicoccum sp.
Conidia dimensions: 15-25 microns. A common allergen. It is found in plants, soil, grains, textiles and paper products.

MOLD TRAINING for Epidermophyton sp.
Can cause infections of skin and nails.

MOLD TRAINING for Fusarium solani
Aw 0.90. Macroconidia dimensions: 27-52 x 4.4-6.8; Microcondia dimensions: 8-16 x 2-4 microns. Found in plants and soils. Can produce trichothecene toxins that may be associated with disease in humans and animals.

MOLD TRAINING for Fusarium sp.
Aw 0.90. A common soil fungus. It is found on a wide range of plants. It is often found in humidifiers. Several species in this genus can produce potent trichothecene toxins. The trichothecene (scirpene) toxin targets the following systems: circulatory, alimentary, skin, and nervous. Produces vomitoxin on grains during unusually damp growing conditions. Symptoms may occur either through ingestion of contaminated grains or possibly inhalation of spores. The genera can produce hemorrhagic syndrome in humans (alimentary toxic aleukia). This is characterized by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dermatitis, and extensive internal bleeding. Reported to be allergenic. Frequently involved in eye, skin, and nail infections.

MOLD TRAINING for Geotrichum sp.
Aw 0.90. Conidia dimensions: 6-12 x 3-6 microns. Aw 0.90. A common contaminant of grains, fruits, dairy products, paper, textiles, soil, and water; often present as part of the normal human flora. The species Geotrichum candidum can cause a secondary infection (geotrichosis) in association with tuberculosis. This rare disease can cause lesions of the skin, bronchi, mouth, lung, and intestine.

MOLD TRAINING for Gliocladium sp.
A fungus that is structurally similar to Penicillium sp. It is reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Helminthosporium sp.
Reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Histoplasma sp.
A fungus that has filamentous growth at 25 degrees C. and yeast growth at 37 degrees C. It is reported to be a human pathogen. It may be associated with birds.

MOLD TRAINING for Humicuola sp.
Grows on products with a high cellulose
content. These fungi are also found in soil and on plant debris.

MOLD TRAINING for Hyaline Mycelia
Sterile mycelia that is white or transparent. No fruiting structures are produced by the mycelia. Visual identification of these organisms is not possible. Often associated with allergic symptoms.

MOLD TRAINING for Memnoniella sp.
A cellulolytic fungus that is very closely related to Stachybotrys sp. Both fungi have a worldwide distribution and are often found together and are commonly found in soil. Recent studies on mycotoxins revealed that Memnoniella echinata can have a toxicity similar to that of some isolates of Stachybotrys chartarum. Both produce varying amounts of simple trichothecenes. Thus, it is suggested that Memnoniella sp. should also be considered potentially dangerous in indoor air. The major difference between the two fungi is that the conidia of Memnoniella sp. are in long persistent chains while those of Stachybotrys are aggregated in slimy heads. Also the aerodynamic diameter of Memnoniella sp. conidia is smaller and it would be expected to have an even greater potential to penetrate deep into lungs than the conidia of Stachybotrys sp.

MOLD TRAINING for Microsporum sp.
Causes ringworm in humans.

MOLD TRAINING for Monilia sp.
Reported to be allergenic. This fungus produces soft rot of tree fruits. Other members produce a red bread mold. It is infrequently involved in corneal eye infections.

MOLD TRAINING for Mucor sp.
Often found in soil, dead plant material, horse dung, fruits and fruit juice. It is also found in leather, meat, dairy products, animal hair, and jute. A Zygomycetes fungus that may be allergenic (skin and bronchial tests). This organism and other Zygomycetes will grow rapidly on most fungal media. May cause mucorosis in immune compromised individuals. The sites of infection are the lung, nasal sinus, brain, eye, and skin. Infection may have multiple sites.

MOLD TRAINING for Myxomycetes
Members of a group of fungi that are included in the category of "slime molds". They're occasionally found indoors, but mainly reside in forested regions on decaying logs, stumps, and dead leaves. Myxomycetes display characteristics of fungi and protozoans. In favorable (wet) conditions they exhibit motile, amoeba-like cells, usually bounded only by a plasma membrane, that are variable in size and form. During dry spells, they form a resting body (sclerotium) with dry, airborne spores. These fungi are not known to produce toxins, but can cause hay fever and asthma.

MOLD TRAINING for Nigrospora sp.
Commonly found in warm climates, this mold may be responsible for allergic reactions such as hay fever and asthma. It is found on decaying plant material and in the soil. It is not often found indoors.

MOLD TRAINING for Oidium sp.
The asexual phase of Erysiphe sp. It is a plant pathogen causing powdery mildews. It is very common on the leaves stems, and flowers of plants. The health effects and allergenicity have not been studied. It does not grow on non-living surfaces such as wood or drywall.

MOLD TRAINING for Paecilomyces sp.
Commonly found in soil and dust, less frequently in air. P. variotii can cause paecilomycosis. Linked to wood-trimmers disease and humidifier associated illnesses. They are reported to allergenic. Some members of this genus are reported to cause pneumonia. It may produce arsine gas if growing on arsenic substrate. This can occur on wallpapers covered with Paris green.

MOLD TRAINING for Papulospora sp.
These fungi are found in soil, textiles, decaying plants, manure, and paper.

MOLD TRAINING for Penicillium sp.
Aw 0.78 - 0.88. A wide number of organisms have been placed in this genus. Identification to species is difficult. Often found in aerosol samples. Commonly found in soil, food, cellulose and grains. It is also found in paint and compost piles. It may cause hypersensitivity pneumonitis, allergic alveolitis in susceptible individuals. It is reported to be allergenic (skin). It is commonly found in carpet, wallpaper, and in interior fiberglass duct insulation. Some species can produce mycotoxins. Common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include edema and bronchiospasms; chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema. It may also cause headaches, vomiting, and diarrhea.

MOLD TRAINING for Periconia sp.
Found in soil, blackened and dead herbaceous stems, leaf spots, grasses, rushes, and sedges. Almost always associated with other fungi. Rarely found growing indoors. Reportedly associated with a rare case of mycotic keratitis.

MOLD TRAINING for Perithecium
A fruiting body of a fungus in which some types of spores (including ascospores) are produced. (plural form: perithecia)

MOLD TRAINING for Peronospora sp.
These species are plant pathogens and the genus is one that causes downy mildews. Peronospora is very common and is an obligate parasite (obligate parasites cannot grow on non living environmental surfaces) found on leaves, stems, flowers, and fruits of living higher plants. Peronospora sp. may be identified in air on spore trap samples since spores have a distinctive morphology. The spores may also be seen in dust as part of the normal influx of outdoor microbial particles. As of this writing, allergenicity has not been studied and no information is available regarding health effects or toxicity.

MOLD TRAINING for Phoma sp.
A common indoor air allergen. It is similar to the early stages of growth of Chaetomium sp. The species are isolated from soil and associated plants (particularly potatoes). Produces pink and purple spots on painted walls. It may have antigens that cross-react with those of Alternaria sp. It will grow on butter, paint, cement, and rubber. It may cause phaeohyphomycosis a systematic or subcutaneous disease.

MOLD TRAINING for Pithomyces sp.
A common mold found on dead leaves, plants, soil and especially grasses. Causes facial eczema in ruminants. It exhibits distinctive multi-celled brown conidia. It is not know to be a human allergen or pathogen. It is rarely found indoors, although it can grow on paper.

MOLD TRAINING for Rhizomucor sp.
The Zygomycetous fungus is reported to be allergenic. It may cause mucorosis in immune compromised individuals. It occupies a biological niche similar to Mucor sp. It is often linked to occupational allergy. May cause mucorosis in immune compromised individuals. The sites of infection are the lung, nasal sinus, brain, eye, and skin. Infection may have multiple sites.

MOLD TRAINING for Rhizopus sp.
The Zygomycetous fungus is reported to be allergenic. It may cause mucorosis in immune compromised individuals. It occupies a biological niche similar to Mucor sp. It is often linked to occupational allergy. May cause mucorosis in immune compromised individuals. The sites of infection are the lung, nasal sinus, brain, eye, and skin. Infection may have multiple sites.

MOLD TRAINING for Rhodotorula sp.
A reddish yeast typically found in moist environments such as carpeting, cooling coils, and drain pans. In some countries it is the most common yeast genus identified in indoor air. This yeast has been reported to be allergenic. Positive skin tests have been reported. It has colonized terminally ill patients.

MOLD TRAINING for Rusts (and Smuts)
These fungi are associated with plant diseases. In the classification scheme of the fungi, the smuts have much in common with the rusts, and they are frequently discussed together. Both groups produce wind-borne, resistant teliospores that serve as the basis for their classification and their means of spread. Rusts usually attack vegetative regions (i.e., leaves and stems) of plants; smuts usually are associated with the reproductive structures (seeds). They can cause hay fever and asthma.

MOLD TRAINING for Saccharomyces sp.
Reported to be allergenic. Baker's yeast.

MOLD TRAINING for Scopulariopsis sp.
It may produce arsine gas if growing on arsenic substrate. This can occur on wallpapers covered with Paris green. It has been found growing on a wide variety of materials including house dust. It is associated with type III allergy.

MOLD TRAINING for Sepedonium
Most easily recognized by the spores, which are colorless to yellow, spiny, round, 1-celled, and produced singly at the ends of short filaments. Sometimes phialides of the Acremonium or Gabarnaudia type may also occur. A few species of Mortierella, as well as the human pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum, produce spores resembling those of Sepedonium. Isolated from soil, but most commonly parasitized mushrooms.

MOLD TRAINING for Serpula lacrymans
Common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include edema and bronchiospasms; chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema.

MOLD TRAINING for Smuts
See Rusts.

MOLD TRAINING for Sporobolomyces sp.
Reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Sporothrix sp.
Can cause sporotrichosis, but usually only in populations that are immune compromised.

MOLD TRAINING for Sporotrichum sp.
Reported to be allergenic. See also Sporothrix sp. for there is some taxonomic confusion between these two genera. This genus does not cause sporotrichosis.

MOLD TRAINING for Stachybotrys sp.
Aw - 0.94 , optimum Aw ->0.98. Several strains of this fungus (S. atra, S. chartarum and S. alternans are synonymous) may produce a trichothecene mycotoxin- Satratoxin H - which is poisonous by inhalation. The toxins are present on the fungal spores. This is a slow growing fungus on media. It does not compete well with other rapidly growing fungi. The dark colored fungus grows on building material with a high cellulose content and a low nitrogen content. Areas with a relative humidity above 55%, and are subject to temperature fluctuations, are ideal for toxin production.
Individuals with chronic exposure to the toxin produced by this fungus reported cold and flu symptoms, sore throats, diarrhea, headaches, fatigue, dermatitis, intermittent local hair loss and generalized malaise. Other symptoms include coughs, rhinitis, nosebleed, a burning sensation in the nasal passages, throat, and lungs, and fever. The toxins produced by this fungus will suppress the immune system affecting the lymphoid tissue and the bone marrow. Animals injected with the toxin from this fungus exhibited the following symptoms: necrosis and hemorrhage within the brain, thymus, spleen, intestine, lung, heart, lymph node, liver, and kidney. Affects by absorption of the toxin in the human lung are known as pneumomycosis.
This organism is rarely found in outdoor samples. It is usually difficult to find in indoor air samples unless it is physically disturbed (or possibly -this is speculation- a drop in the relative humidity). The spores are in a gelatinous mass. Appropriate media for the growth of this organism will have a high cellulose content and a low nitrogen content. The spores will die readily after release. The dead spores are still allergenic and toxigenic. Percutaneous absorption has caused mild symptoms.

MOLD TRAINING for Stemphylium sp.
Reported to be allergenic. Isolated from dead plants and cellulose materials.

MOLD TRAINING for Syncephalastrum sp.
Can cause a respiratory infection characterized by a solid intracaitary fungal ball.

MOLD TRAINING for Torula sp.
Found outdoors in air, soil, on dead vegetation, wood, and grasses. Also found indoors on cellulosic materials. Reported to be allergenic and may cause hay fever and asthma.

MOLD TRAINING for Trichoderma sp.
It is commonly found in soil, dead trees, pine needles, paper, and unglazed ceramics. It often will grow on other fungi. It produces antibiotics that are toxic to humans. It has been reported to be allergenic. It readily degrades cellulose.

MOLD TRAINING for Trichophyton sp.
Can cause ringworm; athlete's: foot, skin, nail, beard and scalp. Reported to be allergenic. Found on soil and skin.

MOLD TRAINING for Trichothecium sp.
Aw 0.90. Conidia dimensions: 12-23 x 8-10 microns. Found in decomposing vegetation, soil, corn seeds, and in flour. The species Trichothecium roseum can produce a trichothecene toxin that may be associated with disease in humans and other animals. Reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Tritirachium sp.
Reported to be allergenic.

MOLD TRAINING for Ulocladium sp.
Aw 0.89. Isolated from dead plants and cellulose materials. Found on textiles.

MOLD TRAINING for Verticillium sp.
Conidia dimensions: 2.3-10 x 1-2.6 microns. Found in decaying vegetation, on straw, soil and arthropods. A rare cause of corneal infections.

MOLD TRAINING for Wallemia sp.
Aw 0.75. Conidia dimensions: 2.5-3.5 microns. Found in sugary foods, salted meats, dairy products, textiles, soil, hay and fruits.

MOLD TRAINING for Yeast
Various yeasts are commonly identified on air samples. Some yeasts are reported to be allergenic. They may cause problems if a person has had previous exposure and developed a hypersensitivity. Yeasts may be allergenic to susceptible individuals when present in sufficient concentrations.

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http://www.mold-remediation.org/
http://www.moldnews.org/
http://www.moldcertificationclass.com/
http://www.moldtrainingclass.com/

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What is Mold?

Mold is a fungi. There are more than 100,000 known species of mold. Mold can survive the cold of space and high temperatures. High spore levels in the air can have health effects on people. Overexposure can cause breathing problems, congestion, hay fever, and allergies just to name a few. Water damaged building materials is a good food source to promote mold growth in the home environment.

What is Toxic Mold?

Toxic mold can be of any species. Mold becomes toxic, when one is over exposed to high levels and the human body has a reaction to overexposure to these toxins in the environment.

 

What is Black Mold?

Mold can come in many colors. Just because mold is black does not mean that is Stachybotrys atra. Mold can grow on many types of materials and this in turn can affect it color.

 

What is a Sick House?

A home that is no longer environmentally safe for people to live in. Mold in the home can cause people to have allergies and other symptoms that could have an impact on their health. Sick House or (Home) in some cases can be treated to remove the contamination to safe levels. In an extreme case of contamination the home my have to be demolished.

 

What is Mold Allergy?

These are the symptoms that can cause people to have a reaction to high concentrations of mold spores in the home or work environment. Over a period of time the body’s immune system will break down and the subject will experience flu like symptoms. Examples: nasal congestion, inflammation of the sinuses, headaches, and cough just to name a few.

 

What is Mold Removal?

The elimination of contaminated material in a home or business that has been tested and found to be a danger to public health. A trained professional should do work of this nature.

 

What is Mold Remediation?

The safe and professional removal of mold contaminated material from a structure, and the use of safe guards to protect the uncontaminated areas of the structure to insure public safety.

 

What is Mold Mildew?

When people see mildew growth on the north side of their home or in a shaded area most people refer to it as mildew, this is a fungi that likes a dark damp area. This type of mold should be washed from homes and buildings to help cut down on the likely hood of this contaminate from infecting your home environment.

 

What is House Mold?

This mold is like any mold found in our every day environment. These molds sometimes find their way into our homes and do multiply; in most cases, because of high humidity or from water leaks that can sometimes go undetected giving the mold spores the right condition for growth in walls, floors, and ceiling areas.

 

What is a Mold Spore?

These spores are microscopic in size it has been said that 250 thousand can fit on the head of a pin, and over 300 million spores can cover one square foot. Mold spores can infect a large area and cannot be seen with the human eye. They are present everywhere indoors and outdoors.

 

What is Mold Inspection?

A certified mold inspector should perform inspections for mold and other toxic contamination. Using the right equipment to test indoor air quality and visual inspection to locate the source of the infestation and providing a treatment plan to clear the home or business of mold.

 

What is a Mold Inspector?

This is a person that has been trained in the art of testing air and direct samples for mold spores and other contaminates in the environment.

 

What is Black Mold Symptoms?

Black mold symptoms can very from person to person. High mold spore counts in the home environment can cause some to have an allergic reaction and they have been known to kill infants that were continually exposed over a long period of time.

 

What are Toxic Mold Symptoms?

When people are consistently exposed to high mold spore levels a host of symptoms can develop, here a few to look for nasal congestion, irritation of the eyes, inflammation of the sinuses, irritation of the skin, breathlessness, headaches, runny nose, sore throat, hoarseness, fatigue, and memory loss.

 

What are Toxic Mold Attorneys?

These types of attorneys in most cases are personal injury attorneys or toxic tort attorneys. Ask about their qualifications and experience in this field.

 

What is Mold Growth?

This is the process by which mold grows and multiplies. When this goes unchecked in the home environment and the levels of mold spores become to high, over exposure to mold can cause health problems.

 

What is Basement Mold?

This mold can be any number of molds in the fungi family. Basements are cool and damp areas that can grow mold on the walls, under carpet, and carpet padding. Mold growth in the basement can have an effect on the health of everyone living in the home from high mold exposure.

 

What is Mold Insurance?

Mold insurance is a policy written to help homeowners to recover loses from toxic mold contamination. Some insurance companies are trying to rewrite their policies to exclude mold claims.

 

Are there different Types of Mold?

There are many types of mold, and in cases of high mold exposure people can have health problems and a variety of symptoms such as asthma, nosebleed, memory loss, fatigue, and hay fever.

 

What is Mold Exposure?

Being exposed to a high concentration of contamination in a home or work environment that can pose a health risk and cause allergies and other symptoms.

 

What is a Mold Law Suite?

This is when a person files a suite in a court of law to receive compensation for loss of health and property. In most cases these types of attorneys are personal injury trial lawyers.

 

What is a Mold Treatment?

Can be a chemical treatment of an area and the removal of contaminated or water damaged material to reduce the spread of mold spores in the home environment. The use of a chemical that can kill mold on contact is preferable.

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What are molds?
Molds are microscopic fungi that live on plant or animal matter. No one knows how many species of fungi exist but estimates range from tens of thousands to perhaps three hundred thousand or more. Most are filamentous organisms and the production of spores is characteristic of fungi in general. These spores can be air-, water-, or insect-borne.


What are some of the common indoor molds?
Cladosporium
Penicillium
Alternaria
Aspergillus
Mucor


How do molds affect people?
Some people are sensitive to molds. For these people, exposure to molds can cause symptoms such as nasal stuffiness, eye irritation, or wheezing. Some people, such as those with serious allergies to molds, may have more severe reactions. Severe reactions may occur among workers exposed to large amounts of molds in occupational settings, such as farmers working around moldy hay. Severe reactions may include fever and shortness of breath. People with chronic illnesses, such as obstructive lung disease, may develop mold infections in their lungs.


Where are molds found?
Molds are found in virtually every environment and can be detected, both indoors and outdoors, year round. Mold growth is encouraged by warm and humid conditions. Outdoors they can be found in shady, damp areas or places where leaves or other vegetation is decomposing. Indoors they can be found where humidity levels are high, such as basements or showers.


How can people decrease mold exposure?
Sensitive individuals should avoid areas that are likely to have mold, such as compost piles, cut grass, and wooded areas. Inside homes, mold growth can be slowed by keeping humidity levels below 50% and ventilating showers and cooking areas. Mold growth can be removed with commercial products or a weak bleach solution (1 cup of bleach in 1 gallon of water). In situations where mold exposure is unavoidable, sensitive people should wear a tight-fitting face mask.


Specific Recommendations:
Keep the humidity level in the house below 50%.
Use an air conditioner or a dehumidifier during humid months.
Be sure the home has adequate ventilation, including exhaust fans in kitchen and bathrooms.
Add mold inhibitors to paints before application.
Clean bathrooms with mold killing products.
Do not carpet bathrooms and basements.
Remove or replace previously soaked carpets and upholstery.


What areas have high mold exposures?
Antique shops
Greenhouses
Saunas
Farms
Mills
Construction areas
Flower shops
Summer cottages


I found mold growing in my home, how do I test the mold?

Generally, it is not necessary to identify the species of mold growing in a residence, and CDC does not recommend routine sampling for molds. Current evidence indicates that allergies are the type of diseases most often associated with molds. Since the susceptibility of individuals can vary greatly either because of the amount or type of mold, sampling and culturing are not reliable in determining your health risk. If you are susceptible to mold and mold is seen or smelled, there is a potential health risk; therefore, no matter what type of mold is present, you should arrange for its removal. Furthermore, reliable sampling for mold can be expensive, and standards for judging what is and what is not an acceptable or tolerable quantity of mold have not been established.

A qualified environmental lab took samples of the mold in my home and gave me the results. Can CDC interpret these results?
Standards for judging what is an acceptable, tolerable, or normal quantity of mold have not been established. If you do decide to pay for environmental sampling for molds, before the work starts, you should ask the consultants who will do the work to establish criteria for interpreting the test results. They should tell you in advance what they will do or what recommendations they will make based on the sampling results. The results of samples taken in your unique situation cannot be interpreted without physical inspection of the contaminated area or without considering the building’s characteristics and the factors that led to the present condition.

-----------------------------

WHAT IS SICK HOUSE SYNDROME?
Occupants become sick or may become sick in the future from exposure to airborne contaminants in the house. These contaminants can be chemical or biological.

CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS?

Indoor air with high concentrations of chemical and/or biological contaminants may cause symptoms in people. Some symptoms may include headaches, nausea, sinus problems, unexplained fatigue, and even cancer.

Chemical contaminants are many and various. Here is a short list.
Formaldehyde
Household cleaners
Asbestos
Dust
Fiberglass
Combustion products
Carbon Monoxide
Pesticides
Wood sealers
Paint
Plastics
Curtains
Fabric waterproofing
Dry cleaned clothes
Radon
Foundation waterproofing

Biological contaminants.
Mold spores
Mildew
Pet dander
Dust mites

HISTORY.

Before the energy crisis of the 70s, the standard US home was not typically "tight" construction. Houses had built in infiltration and exfiltration paths. This was good for the IAQ, because outside and inside air were accidentally exchanged. However, the cost of heating and cooling was exorbitant due to these leaky houses. The energy crisis forced builders to build tighter houses with little or no paths for outside air exchange. As a result, indoor contaminants accumulated and thus began the sick house syndrome.

JAPAN.

Until recently, the typical Japanese house was purposely built with mechanisms for infiltration and exfiltration. This was done to prevent the buildup of humidity and heat from the hot and humid summer season. Floors under tatami mats were made of planks that allowed infiltration/exfiltration to dry out the mats. Roofing planks were used as the base for typical roofing tiles. Sliding doors are a great way to turn an indoor room into a semi-outdoor room. With this planned natural ventilation, the house would not be quite as hot in the summer as it would without ventilation. However, recently, the modern Japanese wants more thermal comfort in the home during winter and summer. Since this cannot be done efficiently with natural ventilation in most of Japan, they are resorting to mechanical means for thermal comfort. Doing this and saving energy at the same time requires tight construction. Thus, sick house syndrome has become a problem in Japan also.

WHAT MEASURES SHOULD BE TAKE TO COUNTER SICK HOUSE SYNDROME?

Hardwood floors instead of composite materials.
Central air conditioning for the entire house.
Hardwood stairs instead of composite materials.
Exhaust fans in kitchens, bathrooms, and toilet rooms that exhaust to the outdoors.

WHAT ADDITIONAL MEASURES CAN YOU TAKE?

Reduce accidental infiltration/exfiltration in combination with controlled and filtered ventilation.
Use insulation without formaldehyde binders.
Use particle board without formaldehyde binders.
Provide controlled ventilation to satisfy ASHRAE requirements.
Size HP systems to precise requirements to reduce humidity levels.
Use paints and sealers that will not contribute to poor IAQ.
Provide QUIET timer switches for spot ventilation and educate the customer on their usage.
Provide a means for cleaning and maintaining indoor coils on the heat pump system. Provide a humidistat in addition to the standard thermostat for the heat pump system.


Introduction to Molds
Molds produce tiny spores to reproduce. Mold spores waft through the indoor and outdoor air continually. When mold spores land on a damp spot indoors, they may begin growing and digesting whatever they are growing on in order to survive. There are molds that can grow on wood, paper, carpet, and foods. When excessive moisture or water accumulates indoors, mold growth will often occur, particularly if the moisture problem remains undiscovered or un-addressed. There is no practical way to eliminate all mold and mold spores in the indoor environment; the way to control indoor mold growth is to control moisture.

Basic Mold Cleanup
The key to mold control is moisture control. It is important to dry water damaged areas and items within 24-48 hours to prevent mold growth. If mold is a problem in your home, clean up the mold and get rid of the excess water or moisture. Fix leaky plumbing or other sources of water. Wash mold off hard surfaces with detergent and water, and dry completely. Absorbent materials (such as ceiling tiles & carpet) that become moldy may have to be replaced.

Ten Things You Should Know About Mold
Potential health effects and symptoms associated with mold exposures include allergic reactions, asthma, and other respiratory complaints.

There is no practical way to eliminate all mold and mold spores in the indoor environment; the way to control indoor mold growth is to control moisture.

If mold is a problem in your home or school, you must clean up the mold and eliminate sources of moisture.

Fix the source of the water problem or leak to prevent mold growth.

Reduce indoor humidity (to 30-60% ) to decrease mold growth by: venting bathrooms, dryers, and other moisture-generating sources to the outside; using air conditioners and de-humidifiers; increasing ventilation; and using exhaust fans whenever cooking, dishwashing, and cleaning.

Clean and dry any damp or wet building materials and furnishings within 24-48 hours to prevent mold growth.

Clean mold off hard surfaces with water and detergent, and dry completely. Absorbent materials such as ceiling tiles, that are moldy, may need to be replaced.

Prevent condensation: Reduce the potential for condensation on cold surfaces (i.e., windows, piping, exterior walls, roof, or floors) by adding insulation.

In areas where there is a perpetual moisture problem, do not install carpeting (i.e., by drinking fountains, by classroom sinks, or on concrete floors with leaks or frequent condensation).

Molds can be found almost anywhere; they can grow on virtually any substance, providing moisture is present. There are molds that can grow on wood, paper, carpet, and foods.


How to Identify the Cause of a Mold and Mildew Problem.

Mold and mildew are commonly found on the exterior wall surfaces of corner rooms in heating climate locations. An exposed corner room is likely to be significantly colder than adjoining rooms, so that it has a higher relative humidity (RH) than other rooms at the same water vapor pressure. If mold and mildew growth are found in a corner room, then relative humidity next to the room surfaces is above 70%. However, is the RH above 70% at the surfaces because the room is too cold or because there is too much moisture present (high water vapor pressure)?

The amount of moisture in the room can be estimated by measuring both temperature and RH at the same location and at the same time. Suppose there are two cases. In the first case, assume that the RH is 30% and the temperature is 70oF in the middle of the room. The low RH at that temperature indicates that the water vapor pressure (or absolute humidity) is low. The high surface RH is probably due to room surfaces that are "too cold." Temperature is the dominating factor, and control strategies should involve increasing the temperature at cold room surfaces.

In the second case, assume that the RH is 50% and the temperature is 70oF in the middle of the room. The higher RH at that temperature indicates that the water vapor pressure is high and there is a relatively large amount of moisture in the air. The high surface RH is probably due to air that is "too moist." Humidity is the dominating factor, and control strategies should involve decreasing the moisture content of the indoor air.

Call Southeastern Mold Institute Inc. at 1-850-785-1843 for a FREE PHONE CONSULATION on MOLD TRAINING AND MOLD CERTIFICATION